FARMERS’ SUICIDES IN VIDARBHA: Survey, Study and Solutions

FARMERS’ SUICIDES IN VIDARBHA
(Survey, Study and Solutions)

In Vidarbha region of Maharashtra State it appears as if an epidemic of suicide has gripped the farmers here. 
Many studies have been taken up by Govt. agencies; NGOs; and Individuals, various theories have been put forth and solutions have been suggested. Financial Aid has also been given to the farmers in Vidarbha region in the form of Prime Ministers Package and Chief Ministers package. Still the agonizing phenomenon continues unabated. Bharatiya Kisan Sangh Vidarbha Prant and Centre for Policy Studies Chennai jointly ventured to reach to the survivors of the family of the unfortunate farmers to understand the reasons leading to this tragic end. We personally talked to the family members of the deceased at their houses, talked with neighbors and others from the villages those could help to understand this problem.
Details of these visits, and the data collected about various aspects related to this problem follows:-

Table No.1
Details of visits to the bereaved families - Village, Taluka, Distt. Etc.

Sr.

Name of Distt.

Taluka

Village

No. of Farmers Suicides

In the village

In Taluka

In the Distt.

Eastern Vidarbha

1.

Bhandara

Paoni

1. Borgaon

1

-

-

 

 

 

2. Bhawad

1

2

-

 

 

Bhandara

1. Nawargaon

1

-

-

 

 

 

2. Chowa

1

2

-

 

 

Lakhandur

1. Sonegaon

1

-

-

 

 

 

2. Sarandi

1

2

6

 

Total

3

6

6

6

6

2.

Gondia

1. Gondia

1.Chhota Gondia

1

2

-

 

 

 

2.Kosa

1

-

-

 

 

2. Goregaon

1.Dawa (S)

1

1

-

 

 

3. Tiroda

1.Manora

1

1

4

 

Total

3

4

4

4

4

                 

 

Sr.

Name of Distt.

Taluka

Village

No. of Farmers Suicides

In the village

In Taluka

In the Distt.

3.

Chandrapur

1. Chimur

1.Bhisi

1

-

-

 

 

 

2. Chimur

1

2

-

 

 

2. Bhadravati

1.Kukewada

1

1

-

 

 

3. Waroda

1.Shegaon

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Waigaon(Bh.)

1

2

5

 

Total

3

5

5

5

5

4.

Nagpur

1. Katol

   Jalalkheda

1

1

-

 

 

2. Narkhed

   Khairgaon

1

1

2

 

Total

2

2

2

2

2

Western Vidarbha

1.

Amraoti

Amraoti

1.Kamunja

1

-

 

 

 

 

2.Pujda

2

-

 

 

 

 

3.Shewati Jahagir

1

4

 

 

 

Achalpur

1.Borgaon (Dori)

1

-

 

 

 

 

2. Donoda

1

2

 

 

 

Arvi

1.Deurwade

1

-

 

 

 

 

2. Karmabad

1

2

 

 

 

Anjangaon Surji

1. Bhandaraj

2

-

 

 

 

 

2. Karla

1

3

 

 

 

Dhamangaon (Rly)

1. Kharda

1

-

 

 

 

 

2. Deogaon

1

-

 

 

 

 

3. Nagapur

1

-

 

 

 

 

4. Talegaon (D)

1

4

 

 

 

Warud

1. Paoni(S)

1

-

 

 

 

 

2.Gadegaon

1

2

 

 

 

Chandur (Rly)

1. Paslapur

1

-

 

 

 

 

2.Manjarkhed

1

2

 

 

 

Tiwsa

1. Wardha

1

1

 

 

 

Daryapur

1. Thilori

1

-

 

 

 

 

2. Kalashi

1

2

 

 

Total

 

 

22

22

 

 

Sr.

Name of Distt.

Taluka

Village

No. of Farmers Suicides

In the village

In Taluka

In the Distt.

2.

Akola

Akola

1.Borgaon Manju

1

-

-

 

 

 

 

2.Dhagadevi

1

-

-

 

 

 

3.Umga

1

-

-

 

 

 

4.Agar

1

4

-

 

 

Akot

1.Marda

1

-

-

 

 

 

2. Wadgaon(Mendha)

1

2

-

 

 

Patur

1.Deulgaon

1

-

-

 

 

 

2. Chatari

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

Barshi Takali

1.Barshi Takli

1

-

-

 

 

 

2. Rajanda

2

-

-

 

 

 

3.Jam Wasu

3

6

-

 

 

Murtijapur

1/Anbhora

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Hatgaon

1

2

-

 

Total

5

13

16

16

16

3.

Washim

Washim

1.Deodhana

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Kata

1

-

-

 

 

 

3.Kondala(Zamra)

1

4

-

 

 

 

4. Uklipen

1

-

-

 

 

Karanja

1.Ganeshpur

1

-

-

 

 

 

2. Dhanora

1

-

13

 

 

 

3. Kherda

1

4

-

 

 

 

4.Thawardi

1

-

-

 

 

Mangrul Pir

1.Jogaldhari

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Belkhed

1

2

-

 

 

Manora

1. Pimpalshende

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Pohra Devi

1

3

-

 

 

 

3.Waroli

1

-

-

 

Total

4

13

13

13

13

                 

 

Sr.

Name of Distt.

Taluka

Village

No. of Farmers Suicides

 

In the village

In Taluka

In the Distt.

 

4.

Wardha

Ashti

1.Talegaon

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Chistur

2

3

-

 

 

Karanja)Ghadge)

1.Sarwadi

1

2

-

 

 

 

2.Karanja(G)

1

-

-

 

Total

2

4

5

5

5

5.

Yeotmal

Wani

1.Rajur(E)

1

2

-

 

 

 

2.Besa(Lathi)

1

-

-

 

 

Ghatanji

1.Ghatanji

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Choramba

1

2

-

 

 

Arni

1.Brahmanwada(O)

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Brahmanwada(Seloo)

1

2

-

 

 

Mahagaon

1.Tiwrang

2

2

 

 

 

Ralegaon

1.Rawari

2

-

-

 

 

 

2.Pimpalkhuta

1

3

32

 

 

Yeotmal

1.Kolambi

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Waki

1

2

-

 

 

Kalamb

1. Kalamb

2

 

 

 

 

 

2. Narsapur

2

5

 

 

 

 

3. Vichore

1

 

 

 

 

Ner

1.Sonwadhona

2

2

-

 

 

Babhulgaon

1.RaniAmraoti

1

-

-

 

 

 

2.Dabha Pahur

1

2

-

 

 

Kelapur

1. Gopalpur

1

 

 

 

 

 

2. Pandharkawde

1

 

 

 

 

 

3.Sunna

1

4

-

 

 

 

4.Pahapal

1

-

-

 

 

Maregaon

1. Vegaon

3

4

-

 

 

 

2.Karanwadi

1

-

-

 

 

Zarijamni

1.Nimni

1

2

-

 

 

 

2.Zamkola

1

-

-

 

Total

12

25

32

32

32

               

 

Table No.2
ABSTRACT OF VISITS

Sr.

No.

District

No.of
Taluka

No.of
Villages

No.of Farmers
Suicides

Remarks

I. Eastern Vidarbha

 

1.

Bhandara

3

6

6

 

2.

Chandrapur

3

5

5

 

3.

Gondia

3

4

4

 

4.

Nagpur

2

2

2

 

Total

4

11

17

17

 

II Western Vidarbha

1.

Amraoti

9

20

22

-

2.

Akola

5

13

16

 

3.

Washim

4

13

13

 

4.

Wardha

2

4

5

 

5.

Yeotmal

12

25

32

 

Total

5

32

75

88

 

Total for Vidarbha

Total

9

43

92

105

-

Agricultural Environment in Eastern and Western Vidarbha.
The Climate, Soil and available irrigation facilities are different in Eastern and Western Vidarbha, so also the cropping pattern. In the Eastern Vidarbha Comprising of Gadchiroli, Bhandara, Gondia, Chandrapur & part of Nagpur dist., the major crop is paddy. In the Western Vidarbha i.e. Buldhana, Washim, Amraoti, Akola, Yeotmal, Wardha and remaining part of Nagpur Dist. The major crop is cotton, Jawar etc.
In the Eastern part of Vidarbha, the average annual rainfall is more. Also there are large no.of irrigation tanks of Pre-British Period in this region. Hence Paddy, which needs more quantity of water, is a major crop here.            However irregular rainfall in the last decade, and poor maintenance of the irrigation tanks by the Govt. agencies, has adversely affected the crops here. The Western part of Vidarbha receives comparatively less rainfall and irrigation facilities are limited to dugwells or the water courses that too for a limited period of time, that too in negligible proportion. Large or Medium irrigation Projects are but few in nos. Major crops in this area are cotton and Jowar. The details of no.of suicides, the cropping pattern in these two regions covered in our visits are given in table No.3 below:

Table No. 3
Major crops and the statistics

Crops.

Eastern Vidarbha

Western Vidarbha

 

No.of Farmers

Suicides

Percent

age

No.of Farmers

Suicides

Percent

age

Paddy

12

70%

-

-

Soya bin

03

18%

24

28%

Cotton

2

12%

63

72%

Total

17

100%

87

100%

Findings:
During this survey we talked with family members of the deceased farmers at their door step. We tried to collect information regarding various aspects such as financial status, nature of responsibility, details of farming activity and other sources of income, health, habits, addiction, mental state of the deceased and socioeconomic status in the villages etc. The findings are given below:

  1. More suicides have occurred in the cotton growing belt.
  2. Yeotmal district is the most unfortunate one, recording maximum no.of suicides.
  3. Out of total of 104 cases four were Female.
  4. Eight of these cases were bachelors.
  5. In these entire entire cases single common factor was indebtedness of the farmer.
  6. The deceased had the responsibility to look after the family.
  7. In two cases they were not land owners but were tilling land on hire.
  8. Family members doing labour work for income – 40%
  9. Child malnutrition – 40%
  10. Loan taken for side business such as Tractor, Cattle etc. did not get expected earning sufficient to pay back
  11. In many cases persistent crop failure was the main reason for non payment of loans. Reasons for crops failure were found to be
    a)      Damages to crop and also the land due to floods.
    b)      Heavy rain damaging the crop in some cases.
    c)      In some cases scanty rains resulting in crop failure.
    d)     Heavy load shedding in rural areas has damaged the crops even though water was available.
  12. In one case previous loan at the hands of father could not be met by the son who committed suicide.
  13. Suicide by indebted farmer, his son also committed suicide due to burden of loan.
  14. Acquisition of lands.
  15. In one case electricity bill of the pump for Rs.45000/- was charged which was even more than his total income. Complaint was not heard, was asked to pay the bill. Resulted in his suicide.
  16. Cattle supplied by Govt. Agency on loan but the cattle given to the farmer unhealthy and useless, still loan had to be paid.
  17. Apathy of the Govt. Agency – Apathy of the Govt. Agencies in solving problems of the farmers drives the farmer to despair.
    In one case a complaint about damage to the land by tank overflow was not listened to in another case land under acquisition for Govt. project, permission to sell not granted.

 Other Factors:
Contributing factors adding worries to the woos of the farmer are many

  1. Family matters: unable to arrange for education of the kins or marriage of daughter or sister.
  2. Inability to spend for treatment of ailments of the family members.
  3. Labor Problems: Labor rates have increased but labor does not work honestly, asking more for the same job – increasing the expenses.
  4. Demolished Socio-economic structures:  Traditionally in the rural areas every component of the society was dependent upon one another in some way. Due to various reasons. Such as advance of science and technology. Globalization etc. this has been destroyed, hence there is no social protection in difficult times.

Govt. Aid to the bereaved families. Govt. declared aid of Rs.1.00 Lakh to the family of the unfortunate former as a relief. However many shortcomings are observed such as :

  1. Aid rejected as Post Martem was not done.
  2. Aid given to the widows of the former who has deserted the family.
  3. Aid rejected on the basis that the farmer who was actually doing farming was not the land owner.
  4. Amount of Rs.70, 000/- has been retained as deposit and only Rs.30, 000/- given in cash. The loan has to be paid from this amount which leaves the family with nothing to pull on.

 Table No. 4
Age Group And Education Status

Sr.

Age Group

No. And  %

No Education

Primary

School

Middle
School

Higher

School

Above

Illiterate

%

Educated

%

1.

Below 25 yrs.

6

(5%)

1

5

-

-

-

16.70%

83.30%

2.

26 to 40 years

39

(39%)

5

9

16

7

2

12.80%

87.20%

3.

41 to 50 Years

29

(27.50%)

8

12

9

-

-

27.60%

72.40%

4.

Above 50 years.

31

(29.50%)

14

7

10

-

-

45.20%

54.80%

 

Total

105

28

33

35

7

2

-

-

 

%age

100%

26.60%

31.40%

33.30%

6.70%

2.00%

26.60%

73.40%

 Tablet No.5
Suicides & Age Groups

Sr.

No.

Age

No.of Suicides

Remarks

Eastern Vidarbha

%age

Western Vidarbha

%age

Total Vidarbha

%age

1.

Upto 30 years

2

11.70

12

13.64

14

13.33

 

2.

31 to 40 years

7

41.18

26

29.54

33

31.43

 

3.

41 to 50 years

3

17.64

24

27.27

27

25.71

 

4.

51 to 60years

5

29.41

14

15.91

19

18.00

 

5.

Above 60 years

-

-

12

13.64

12

11.43

 

 

Total

17

100%

88%

100%

105

100%

 

From the above tables it will be seen that out of these cases 73.60 were having some education some of them being educated above H.S.C. level. Maximum suicides have been in the age group 31 to 50 years totaling 57.19% out of which 31.48% is in the age groups of 31 to 40 years.

Table No. 6
Male Female Ratio and Marital Status

Sr.
No.

Gender

Married

%

Unmarried

%

Total

%

1)

Male

93

88.60

8

7.60

101

96.20%

2)

Female

4

3.80

-

-

4

3.80%

 

Total

97

92.4%

8

7.60%

105

100%

Percentage of Married persons committing suicide is 92.40% Male percentage is 96.20% where as female are 3.80% only. 

Tablet No.7
Addictions Statistics

Sr. No.

Details

Nos.

Percentage

1.

Alcoholic

4

3.88%

2.

Occasional drinkers

10

9.61%

3.

Free from any addiction

26

25%

4.

Teetotalers cum alcoholics

65

61.51%

Total

 

105

100%

Contrary to the presumptions, percentage of addicted persons is found to be negligible hence alcoholism cannot be given as causes for suicides of farmers.
Reasons for Farmer’s Suicides and Solutions
Direct talk with the members of the bereaved family and others concerned, revealed various problems and other issues adding worry to the woes of the farmers. But the single common prominent reason was the burden of debt from which there was no escape. The reasons for this agomising phenomenon can be broadly grouped as under.Financial

  • Political
  • Social
  • Others

I   FINANCIAL REASONS 

A]        Prices of the Agriculture Produces
The prices of the agriculture produces were never fixed on the basis of the actual cost of production. The cultivator’s inability to hold back and wait for proper prices of his goods compels him to sell out at available price, resulting in net loss. The table below gives details of production cost as per the actual accounts maintained by the individuals at different places and the minimum support prices declared by the central govt.
Comparison of cost of production of various crops and minimum support price declared by the central govt. for the year 2006-2007.

Table no. 8

Rs. Per Quintal

S.N.

 

 

Particulars

Minimum Support Price

Actual Cost Of Production

Profit / Loss

  1.  

Rate Per Quintal

Average Rate/To

Non Irrigated Average

Irrigated Average

 

  1.  

Paddy ‘a’ grade

610/-

600

1050

580

- 450 (non irrigated)

  1.  

Paddy ordinary

580

 

 

 

+20

(irrigated)

  1.  

Cotton medium stock

1770

 

 

 

 

  1.  

Cotton long staple

1990

1880

2300

 

-420 (non irrigated)

Note:

  1. The cost of production does not include remuneration of the farmer or the family members and rent of the land or interest on capital investment.
  2. Cost of production has been arrived at on the basis of average per acre yield of the crop and the actual expenditure incurred.
  3. In case of irrigated paddy crop a profit is seen but that only amounts to Rs. 120/- per acre.

As may be seen from the above table the farmer does not get even what he has spent let alone the profit. This disparity is not only for a year but is continuing since long. This situation compels him to be a perpetual borrower.

Price Rise In Case Of Other Goods As Compared To Agricultural Produces

A] Gold - Since 1972 to 2002 prices of gold have increased from Rs. 202/ per 10 gm. To . 5010/- per 10 gm. i.e. 25 times. Price of cotton has increased from Rs. 372/- per quintal to rs. 1875/- per quintal recording a 5 times rise over the same period. Until this year 2007 rise in price of gold is 47 times and that for cotton is 5 times only.
B] Silver -
 Since 1964 silver has recorded 80 times rise in price (1963-64 rate Rs. 223/kg. in 2007 Rs. 17725/ per kg)
C] Steel - Over 30 years period price rise is 30 times (in 1977 Rs. 1000/- per ton in 2007 Rs. 30000/ per ton)
D] Cement - 18 times rise in 35 years
E] Petrol - Prices have doubled in last 10 years (in 1997 Rs. 25 per lt. and Rs. 50/- per lt. in 2007)
F] Diesel & Lubricants - Prices of diesel went up 5 times (1997 Rs. 7-8 per lit 2007 Rs. 36 per lit). Engine went up 300% (Rs. 51/ per lit to Rs. 150/ per lit)
G] Farm Labour- In 1973-74 labour rate for male was Rs. 2/- per day & for female Rs. 1/- per day. In 2007 it went up to rs. 100/- & rs. 60/- per day respectively. A rise 50 to 60 times
H] Food  Grains - Since 1975 rate of wheat has gone up 2 ½ times that of cotton 5 to 6 times. Where as rise in prices of paddy over last 10 years, is Rs. 150/- per quintal i.e. only 30% or 1/3 rd.
I] Salaries Of Employees - Salaries of middle school teacher recorded a rise of 5000% (50 times) and that of clerk 4000% since the year 1975.
These facts are sufficient to explain the situation compelling the farmers indebtedness.
Solutions
1] Resuming the old weekly mandi system in rural area with necessary modifications. This will eliminate the middleman & their commission and thereby benefit the farmer and the consumer with reasonable rates for both.
2] Prices of the agricultural produce ought to be based on the production cost plus reasonable profit thereon. This only will ensure welfare of agriculture & the farmer.
3] There is a very big difference between the prices the farmer is paid and the prices the consumer has to pay. For example for wheat farmer is paid Rs. 700 to 800 per quintal and the consumer has to pay upto Rs. 1400/- to rs. 1500 per quintal. Considering      The other expenses the farmer has to b ear for market committee charges, brokerage, labor charges of the market yard and incidental charges etc, the actual net price of the goods he gets is even less. This difference between the sale & purchase price goes to the middle men. This way the farmer gets much lower price for his goods than even the declared minimum support price let alone the price on the basis of production cost. This situation has to be dealt with. Since many years, Bhartiya Kisan Sangh has been demanding for the prices of the agricultural produce to be fixed on basis of actual cost of production plus farmers profit @ 15%.
B] Cropping Pattern
Traditionally Indian farmer was following mixed cropping system. This ensured that even a crop or other fails he was at least left with something to rely upon. The mixed crop system also provided fodder for the cattle and food grain for his family. But since last 30 years’ single crop systems is in vogue. Hence due to one or other reasons if the crop fails he is left with nothing.
Solutions
It is necessary to implement mixed cropping pattern.
C] Farmer & Finance – Bank Loan
Following draw backs in the bank procedure are putting farmers to great distress.

  1. High interest rates
  2. Increased interest rates on outstanding loans
  3. Charging interest over interest
  4. Levying of charges for office procedures documentation etc.
  5. Inducing fine
  6. Reckless recovery procedures – confiscating farming tools, plants, food grains utensils etc.  Which makes him further unable to make a living
  7. Unrelenting pressure for recovery  by the financing agencies in such  situation add to his worries
  8. Inadequate a irregular financing
  9. Reluctance to finance the farmer
  10. Deduction of 10% amount as share capital.  No interest on this & not refunding the same even after the loans paid-up.
  11. District central co-op. banks or the credit co-op. societies have also failed to support the farmers due to this indifferent attitude

Solutions:
The rate of interest for loans given to farmers was previously 12 to 14%. The N. D. F. govt. had brought it down to 9%. Now the central govt has reduced it to 7% for the year 2006-2007. Govt of Maharashtra has fixed rate at 6% for these loans. Due to crop failure for various reasons and the inappropriate prices of agricultural produces resulting in the poor condition of the farmer even this rate is not affordable. It is necessary to bring down the rate of interest to 4% & 2.50% for marginal farmers for ever.

  1. State Co- op. Bank should forward these loans to farmers directly through the credit co- op. societies eliminating the Dist. Co-op. bank from this process. Branches of State co-op. bank should be opened in each district
  2. no amount should be deducted towards share capital
  3. Dividend should be paid on the share capital previously deducted.

 D] Loans from private money lenders
Exorbitant rates of interest and malpractices on the part of the money lenders resulted in illegal land grabbing by them and loss of properties of the farmers.
Solutions
A proper legislation for this should be made. Policy of punishing for the misdeeds of these money lenders should be such that this source of finance also remains available to farmers.

Table no. 9
Financing To Farmers

S.N.

Details of source of finance

No. of farmers available loans

Percentage

  1.       1.    

Banks

84

82%

  1.       2.    

Money lender

35

34%

  1.       3.    

Relatives frie3nds etc.

16

16%

 E] Side business

Table no. 10

S.N.

Details

No. of farmers

Percentage

1.

Having side business

8

8%

2.

No side business

97

92%

Irrigation facilities being limited most of the cultivation is non-irrigated. Hence production and also the income is low to meet the farming expenses and to feed his family. As may be seen from the above table 92% farmer did not have side business. Those who were doing some side business did not get enough to sustain them.
Solutions
Farmers should be encouraged with proper guidance to start a side business. Capital should be made available at low interest rates and no recovery to be effected for first 6 years.
F] Crop insurance
The present crop insurance scheme is of little use to the farmers. It can better be termed as crop loan insurance scheme. More over the rules for claims settlement are very stringent. The old crop assessment method is irrelevant and irrational. It needs to be revised.
Solutions

  • Settlement of claims ought to be made easy & payments to be prompt.
  • Amount of premiums to be made affordable
  • The scheme should be implemented on personal basis

II   Political
The various problems discussed below are concerned with govt. administration planning & implementation. Awareness about agricultural problems and will to act is necessary in political sector to deal with the problems.
A] Cotton
Traditionally cotton has been the major crop and a main source of income for the farmers of vidarbgha. To protect the farmers form vagaries of the market, Govt. of Maharashtra had introduced monopoly scheme for cotton. This has now been stopped. The amount of bonus due and amount of 3% deduction made, has still not been paid to the farmers.
Farmers were encouraged to sow B. T. Cotton. It was said to be profitable and much canvassing was done. Actually the production was much lower than expected. Many a times germination was unsatisfactory & at many places even bogus seed was sold to them. This way farmers have been deceived & looted.
Under the green revolution programme, the farmers were persuaded to use hybrid seed, chemical fertilizers, pesticides which have to be procured from the market. Over the years Exhorbitant rise in the cost of these materials has resulted in increase in the production cost of cotton. In contrast the market price of cotton has remained the same over last decade. So there is no gain but only loss to the farmers.
Import duty on cotton being very less i.e. 10%, the traders are importing cotton at cheaper rate & local farmer is compelled to sell his produce at these rates, spelling his ruin.
Solutions

  • Minimum support price should be calculated on the basis of actual cost of production plus 15% profit.
  • Processing plants to be established on mandi level
  • Import duly on cotton should be raised to 100%
  • A three tier market system i.e. Govt., Co-operative & the private buyers, should be established.
  • Electronic machines should be used for weighing to curb malpractices.
  • The staple check should be done by mechanical instruments
  • There should be one rate for cotton without gradation
  • No. of collection centers ought to be sufficient to avoid lengthy transport and the rush.
  • Prompt weighing of cotton with minimum waiting & immediate cash payment should be ensured
  • Bonus should be paid in advance
  • B. T. cotton being unsuitable for this region should be banned.

B] Irrigation
Agriculture in Vidarbha is mostly dependent on rains. Back log of irrigation in Vidarbha compared to other regions is very large. Even Governor of Maharashtra had to intervene and direct the govt. of Maharashtra to make proportionate allotment of funds to meet out the back log. Compliance of this is still not done.
Difficulty in obtaining the forest land has become a major obstacle for many irrigation projects in Vidarbha. The funds allotted for these projects are diverted to other region and the farmer in Vidarbha is left high & dry.            The percentage of irrigated land in Vidarbha is just 5% as against 16% all over maharashtra. The percentage of irrigation in Yeotmal & Amravati distt is mere 2.29% & 1.95% respectively back log in this district is 95000 & 59000 hectares respectively.
The package declared by the prime minister of India on 1st July 2006 to the six districts in Vidarbha provides an amount of   Rs. 2177 crores for total 574 irrigation project. These include 8 major 7 medium. 67 minor projects and 492 irrigation schemes of local sector. This provision is inadequate. Moreover, though the working season is well advanced, the works have not been started. Completion of these schemes within next five year seems unlikely.
Without sufficient irrigation water, the farmer of Vidarbha is totally at the mercy of the nature.
Solutions

  • Urgent steps needed for clearing the obstruction in obtaining the forest land under forest act for which many irrigation projects are held up for a long time.
  • Irrigation back log of vidarbha has been worked out counting the irrigation potential of old tanks which is largely reduced due to poor maintenance, silting etc. the actual irrigation back log is much more than this figure.
  • These tanks are nearly a century old & are of little use hence irrigation potential of these should not be taken in to account in computing the back log.
  • Technical guidance be given to the farmers about recharging of wells & use of drip irrigation. Subsidized drip irrigation system to be made available.
  • Water shed management schemes should be implemented, Old Malgujari tanks should be repaired on co-operative basis with govt. aid.
  • The assurance given by chief minister of Maharashtra about speedy completion of the pending schemes, taking up works like seepage tanks, farm ponds etc. ought to be fulfilled. The tables below (table no. 11 & 12) give details of land holding & proportion of irrigated and non irrigated farming as recorded in this survey. 

Table no. 11
Eastern Vidarbha Land Holding And Irrigation

Land holding description

½ acre

1 to 2 acres

2 to 5 acres

5 to 10 acres

10 to 15 acres

15 to 20 acres

Above 20 acres

Total

%

Irrigated

0

2

0

1

0

1

1

5

29

Non irrigated

1

2

8

0

0

1

0

12

71

Total

1

4

8

1

0

2

1

17

 

%

5.88

23.52

47.08

5.88

0

11.76

5.88

 

100

From the table it may be seen that in eastern part of vidarbha no of farmers having less than 5 acres of land is 76.4%. Percentage having irrigation facilities is 29% as against 71% having no irrigation. 

Table no. 12
Western Vidarbha Land Holding And Irrigation

Land holding description

½ acre

1 to 2 acres

2 to 5 acres

5 to 10 acres

10 to 15 acres

15 to 20 acres

Above 20 acres

Total

%

Irrigated

0

1

2

0

2

0

0

5

6

Non irrigated

0

8

41

21

6

3

3

82

94

Total

0

9

43

21

8

3

3

87

 

%

0

10

49

26

9

3

3

 

100

In the western vidarbha farmers below 5 acres land holding are 60% and percentage having irrigation was 5% against 94% having no irrigation.

Table no. 13
Abstract for vidarbha land holdings and irrigation

Land holding description

½ acre

1 to 2 acres

2 to 5 acres

5 to 10 acres

10 to 15 acres

15 to 20 acres

Above 20 acres

Total

%

Irrigated

0

3

2

1

2

1

1

10

10

Non irrigated

1

10

49

21

6

4

3

94

90

Total

1

13

51

22

8

5

4

104

 

%

0.93

12.50

49.04

21.19

7.70

4.80

3.84

 

100

The overall percentage of farmers who had irrigation facilities is 10% as against 90% having no irrigation.
Note: The percentage is of the no. of farmers committing suicides having irrigation facility or not as compared to total no. of cases studied.
C] Assessment of crops
The prevalent system of assessment of crop is irrelevant and does not present correct picture. The assessment made on this basis is also not correct done and efforts are made to avoid presenting figures unsuitable to administration.
Solutions
Method of assessment should be revised and to be worked out on the basis of actual loss of crop. This procedure should involve participation of the gram panchayat and farmers organizations.
D] Five Year Plans
Provision For Agriculture Sector
The plan outlay in the FYP for the agriculture sector is consistently reduced during last 60 years. It was at the tune of 14.09% in the first five year plan. In ninth FYP it came down to mere 4.9% and in tenth FYP the plan outlay for agriculture is 5.20%. This has been done at the behest of World Bank and international monetary fund.

Table no. 14
Five year plan agriculture sector

FYP year

Total plan outlay rs. Crores

For agriculture sector

Percentage

First FYP 1951-56

2378

354

14.90

Second FYP 1956-61

4500

501

11.30

Third FYP 1961-66

8577

1081

12.70

Fourth FYP 1966-74

15779

2320

14.90

Fifth FYP 1974-79

39426

4685

12.30

Sixth FYP 1980-85

96500

5695

5.80

Seventh FYP 1985-90

180000

10525

5.90

Eight FYP 1992-97

434100

22462

5.20

Ninth FYP 1997-2002

859200

42462

4.90

Tenth FYP 2002-2007

398890

20668

5.20

 Due to insufficient public investment the capital generation is affected and the share of agriculture sector in the G. D. P. has come down to 23%.
India has the 56% of arable land as compared to only 11% of remaining world. Agriculture has therefore been the main activity. 60% of the population directly or indirectly depends upon it. The neglect of agriculture by the planners of this country is therefore inexplicable.
Solutions

  • Agriculture should be the pivotal subject in the national planning
  • Separate agriculture budget be prepared every year as is done for railway.

E] Anti Agriculture Policy Of The Indian Govt.
India adopted the policy of globalization liberalization & privatization since the year 1991 & became a signatory to the WTO agreement in 1994. Various changes & amendments have been made by the Govt. in internal policies & the laws as required by the WTO agreement. While doing this, the welfare of the agriculture sector, the rural population & the small scale industries, internal trade has been neglected. Agreement on-Agriculture of WTO has an everlasting & disastrous effect on the Indian agriculture. Reduction in the import duties, waiving of quantitative restrictions, reduction in domestic subsidies has been done by the Govt. of India without any consideration of protection to the Indian agriculture. The developed countries, by adopting various clever tactics, are doing the opposite by use of their domestic laws. They are controlling import, providing large subsides to agriculture, exports etc. This has pushed our farmer in an unequal race.

Solutions

  • Agriculture should be kept out of the WTO agreement.
  • Developing countries should establish a parallel trade organization
  • Agriculture subsidies to be suitably increased
  • Indiscriminate import ought to be stopped.

F] Electricity-Load Shedding
Excessive load shedding (14 to 16) hours everyday in rural area has badly affected the irrigated crops, with whatever irrigation potential available crops like bnana, orange has been totally ruined due to load shedding.
Solutions

  • agriculture should get  rightful share of the electricity
  • Farmer should get 12 hours supply day time & 8 hours at night time.
  • Total 20 hours uninterrupted supply per day

G] Back log of Pumps
Farmers who had arranged for the source of water like dug wells, borewells etc by borrowing the loans, are deprived of irrigation as electrical supply to the pumps not given even after a long wait.
Solutions
This back log of electrical supply to agricultural pumps should be cleared immediately.
H] Tools and plants
Farmers with small piece of land & marginal farmers don’t own the farming tools and plants and have to get these on rent. This adds to the expenditure. Threshers, spray pump & other such farming gadgets are costly & beyond their buying capacity. It is noteworthy that 58% of the farmers committing suicides did not own the tools & plants.
Solutions

  • All the farming tools & plants should be made available on subsidy at reasonable cost
  • Improved form of ox driven tools instruments be made available.
  • Also tools & plants should be available on rent to farmers at cheaper, affordable rates

Table no. 15
Tools and plants availability

Yes / no

Eastern vidargbha

Northern vidarbha

Total

Percentage

Yes

9

35

44

42.30%

No

8

52

60

57.70%

Total

17

87

104

100%

I] Guidance
In our country there are more than twenty thousand agriculture scientists, 39 agriculture universities, 5 deemed universities, one central university, 3 other universities, Indian agriculture research centre and its 4 national & 45 zonal centers, 31 central research centers, 12 project directorates, 5 bureaus, 91 all India research projects, 50 govt. agriculture colleges and more than 50 private colleges.
In addition to this there are 600 agricultural science centers, there are central & state agriculture ministers deputy ministers, secretaries, deputy secretary’s right upto the level of agricultural assistants. In spite of having such a large establishment the present miserable state of agriculture in the country compels us to question dependability of these institutions. These institutes have failed to provide improved indigenous varieties of crops. Instead farmer are advised to use costly varieties developed else where, which are unsuitable for the environment in India & need much more inputs. The research institutions and the establishment have failed to properly guide our farmers.
Solutions

  • Agriculture committee be formed in each village which will be a bridge between the administration and the farmers.
  • The agriculture universities, Animal Husbandry & Dairy Development Deptt. & the farmers unions should arrange to provide proper guidance in the respective subject at the village level.
  • Research should be oriented as per the actual requirement of agriculture in various regions
  • The farmers ought to get necessary on the spot guidance from various govt. agencies and other concerned institutions
  • Proper guidance regarding enhancing & maintaining soil fertility, appropriate crop varieties as per local environment the cropping pattern & marketing of the agricultural produce etc to be made available.

J] The fodder problem
Due to restriction on procuring fodder from the forest area maintenance of cattle has become very difficult also the traditional sheep farming has been heavily affected. The agriculture which depends upon cattle is also consequently affected.
Solutions
The forest & open land in the village area should be made available for fodder.
K] Nistar rights
The Nistar rights of the village provide for grazing areas for cattle, for collecting fuel wood or for extraction of earth, stones, murum or other minor minerals burial or cremation ground, open land, market place etc for community use. Documents showing these provisions are to be kept on record. Many villages have been deprived from this, posing various problems.
Solutions
Land for various community uses should be earmarked and the documents to be kept on record in the village.
L] The green revolution
In the post independence period, farmers were encouraged to take up chemical farming to increase the production. This includes use of chemical fertilizers insecticides, pesticide & hybrid seeds. This was a blind copy of the agricultural techniques followed in the western countries without considering the local conditions. This way the farmer became totally dependent on others for his farming needs. Day by day the quantity of these materials required per unit & also the market rates of these goods went on increasing. Consequently expenditure increased progressively but the production remained static after showing initial boost. The traditional farming which was practiced in our country was self reliant and needed very little to be purchased or to be procured. Hence though not very affluent, the Indian farmer was able to fulfill needs of his family, the society & was happy.
Chemical Farming - Hazards

  • Reduction in soil fertility, destroying structure of land crust and damage to the texture of soil
  • Alarming increase in crop disease  & insects
  • Destruction of useful insects & birds that naturally controlled the harmful insects and acted as pollination agents.
  • Environmental  pollution
  • Due to use of poisonous materials, destruction of crores of microorganisms in the soil
  • Traces of harmful poisons found in agriculture produces, mother’s milk, the cow milk etc. Occurrence of various uncommon diseases & loss of resistance power, increasing proportion of serious diseases like heart disease, kidney failure, diabetes, asthma etc.
  • Traditional seeds have been forgotten. Many of these permanently lost.
  • The hasty adoption of chemical farming without consideration for our environment & the Indian culture resulted in destroying the traditional time tested agriculture which was self reliant, suitable to the local environment & culture, eco friendly & believed in utilizing the bounties but not exploiting the nature.
  • Chemical farming involved obtaining all that is needed, from the market. Prices of seeds fertilizer, etc are high & timely availability is also not assured causing crop failure if not available in time & increase in cost of production.
  • Traditional system of agriculture involved use of locally available materials tools, instruments and efficiently used the manpower available. The agriculture was also relying upon cow family. The cattle have various uses for the rural folk and ensured overall welfare.
  • Chemical farming has exploited the soil but did not give back so that the land may thrive. This has resulted in permanent damage to the land mass & the eco system as whole. As reported elsewhere the carbon content of soil has come down to 0.20% against minimum necessary 0.60%. Required PH value ought to be 7 to 7.50% which has gone beyond 8 resulting in damaging fertility & soil structure.
  • Manufacturers of seeds, fertilizers insecticides and traders amassed fortunes but the farmer proved to be looser and became debt ridden.          Following table shows the quantum of hybrid seeds used by the farmers in the cases studied

 Table no. 16
Use of seeds

Type of seeds used

No. of farmers using

percentage

Traditional (own) only

1

1%

Hybrid only

93

89%

Both types

10

10%

It may be seen that maximum no. i.e. 90% farmers are using hybrid seeds and obviously indulging in non profitable agriculture.
Solutions
Farmers should be encouraged with proper guidance to take up cost effective farming such as organic farming, bio-farming, natural farming, zero budget farming etc., using own seeds, locally prepared manures, appropriate pest control techniques and making optimum use of water.
The second green revolution
Another green revolution ought to be implemented. This will include using appropriate technology suitable to the local conditions in various geo graphical and climatic zones. This will be eco friendly and will ensure sufficient production.
The cattle population especially the cow family has reduced to alarming proportions. This has adversely affected the climate and the agriculture.
Solutions 
All out efforts by the Govt. and the people are necessary to promote agriculture based on the use of cow family. This only will ensure a sustainable non poisonous agriculture and also healthy climate. Rearing of bovine & other cattle should be encouraged. For this the govt has to arrange for availability of cheap fodder. Guidance regarding cattle rearing, breeding, and dairy work should be made available at village level.
The organic farming ensures self reliance, of the farmers, good production at much less expenditure consequently increasing net income, and gives healthy non poisonous & tasty food grains. It is eco friendly & capable of giving work to many. The second green revolution will have to adopt the organic farming.
This technique has been successfully adopted by some farmers in the Yeotmal distt. Some workers of Bharatiya Kisan Sangh have resorted to organic farming since a decade or so. They have got good results. Expenditure being less the net income is more. Also they prepare manures, herbal sprays, seeds etc. and need not go to market. They have also adopted collective marketing of the agricultural produce so are able to sell their produce where ever the rates are proper. They have also arranged for standardization of the goods. This example needs to be followed.
These farmers have formed some units for development of the organic farming these are.

Name Of The Institute

Office Bearer

Organic Farming Research And Development Institute Ner (Parsopant)

President – Vasantrao Pohekar, Ner

Secretary – Neelkantrao Deshmukh, Manbha

Directors – Madhukarrao Bobde, Malkheda

Ajit Bapat, Ner

Vidarbha Organic Farmers Association, Yeotmal

President – Anandrao Subhedar, Yeotmal

Vice President – Ajit Bapat, Ner

Secretary –Prem Kalas Purkar

Eco Farm Yeotmal

Shri Omprakash Mor

The members of these institutes have themselves actually done various experiments in the organic farming and developed certain techniques and also procured market for the produce.
M] Go Samwardhan (Rearing Of Borine Cattle)
In India cow is worshiped like a deity & revered as a mother hence called Go-Mata (Mother). Cow has many uses in the life of rural folk. The cow provides milk, other dairy products, fuel, medicines, manure, insecticides bullock etc and it is believed that service to the cow ensures overall welfare, Scientific explanation of this is now gradually coming to light. Milk of the Indian cow is highly nutritive and also has medicinal property.
N] Processing of the agriculture produce
The farmers are deprived of income that other agencies earn by processing the agricultural produces. Hence processing units ought to be established at village level for maximum possible goods particularly food grains, fruits, vegetables etc.
PACKAGE
EXEMPTION FROM INTEREST ON LOANS - A FALSE RELIEF
As a relief to the vidarbha farmers, the Govt. has given a package which provides for granting fresh loan by reassessing the old debts. The interest on the old loans is to be borne by the Govt. & paid to the various banks. This way the banks got the needed revival but in spite of directives from the prime minister and the chief minister of Maharashtra, fresh loans were not sanctioned to the farmers. Interest on the loan was paid by the govt. but the principal being outstanding, the farmer still remains defaulter hence not eligible to get fresh loan. The distt. Central co-operative bank & the nationalized bank rejected loans on various pretexts. Only after a warming form the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, the process was started. But this was much delayed & farmers were compelled to borrow form money lenders.
The package provided for

  • Exemption form the interest on pending debts
  • Reassessment of loan & sanctioning fresh loan
  • Aid of rs. 1.00 lakhs to the family of the farmers who had committed suicides
  • Aid in kind like seeds, tools, instruments & cattle. 

This package declared by the govt. did not succeed in giving relief to the farmers because.

  • Interest on loans was borne by the govt. but the principal is still outstanding thus the banks benefited but the farmer still remains defaulter. Fresh loans were rejected on this ground in spite of directives form the prime Minster & the Chief Minister of Maharashtra. Fresh loans were sanctioned only after a warning by the Chief Minister of Maharashtra.  Meanwhile precious time was lost and farmers were compelled to borrow form money lenders.
  • In case of monetary aid, the farmer was required to remit 50% of the amount plus the expenditure for documentation. This was a cruel mischief with the needy farmer
  • Amount of Rs. 240 crores from the state govt & Rs. 712 crores form central govt has been paid to the banks against interest on pending loans. Still the banks are reluctant to forward loans to the farmers. Banks have been benefited but the farmer has gained nothing.
  • As reported in the media, the position of distribution of crop loans is as below.
  1. Nationalized banks loan disbursed – 52% of target
  2. Dist. Co-0op banks loans disbursed 69% of target
  3. Rural banks loans disbursed 53% of target
  • The actual needs of the farmers have not been considered while formulating the package
  • Insensitive administrations, slow & faulty implementation of the package have deprived the farmer from whatever relief there could be.
  • Panchnams of the cases are manipulated therefore many genuine cases have been treated non eligible for the aid.
  • The seeds, tools, materials etc supplied to the farmers on subsidy are substandard.
  • The cattle given in most of the cases are unhealthy & useless causing extra worry.
  • Rs. 4500 given for pair of bullock, even a single bullock costs more.

As per the survey carried out by Bharatiya Kisan Sangh in Jan 2007 the relief aid has been given to only 17 nos out of 88 cases in western vidarbha. One of them is farm labour & other two are land less. Eligible 85 nos. 

Table no. 17
Package-the beneficiaries

Particulars

Aid as per package

Through other provision

 

Beneficiary nos

%

Beneficiary nos.

%

Aid received

17

20%

12

14%

Aid not received

68

80%

73

85%

Total

85

100%

85

100%

Thus 50% families have been deprived of the relief.
Out of aid of Rs. 1.00 lakh given to the families of the farmer committing suicide amount of rs. 70,000 have been retained as deposit & actual aid received is Rs. 30,000. The family is unable to solve this puzzle of meeting the expenses of the family and the farming.

Table no. 18
Year wise data of farmer’s suicides in the districts. Receiving the package
(Govt. report)

Figures In  Bracket Are The Eligible  Cases

District

1-1-01

to

31-12-01

1-1-02to

31-12-02

1-1-03

to

31-12-03

1-1-04

to

31-12-04

1-1-05

to

31-12-05

1-1-06

to

31-12-06

1-1-07

to

26-02-07

total

Amravati

11(7)

21(16)

40(22)

100(48)

102(59)

269(79)

27(-)

570(231)

Akola

6(5)

7(7)

21(15)

46( 39)

43(37)

174(81)

11(1)

308(185)

Yeotmal

17(7)

38(23)

52(30)

142(82)

167(97)

360(158)

39(3)

815(400)

Buldhana

5(1)

9(6)

10(8)

80(34)

67(37)

306(99)

27(1)

504(186)

Washim

7(7)

6(5)

6(6)

44(29)

26(24)

186(108)

28(-)

300(179)

Wardha

3(2)

24(15)

14(8)

29(17)

26(19)

154(52)

27(5)

277(118)

Total

49(29)

105(72)

143(89)

441(249)

431(273)

1446(577)

159(10)

2774(1299)

Table no. 19
Details Of The Aid Of Rs. 1.00 Lakh Given To The Families Of The Farmers Who Committed Suicide In Vidarbha

Description

Beneficiaries nos.

Total

Percentage

Yes

53

53

52%

No

48

48

48%

Total

101

101

 

 Table No. 20
Details Of Aid Of Rs. 1.00 Lakh Given In Eastern & Western Vidarbha

Description

Eastern vidarbha

Western vidarbha

 

Beneficiaries nos

Total

%

Beneficiaries nos

Total

%

Yes

09

09

53%

44

44

55%

No

08

08

47%

40

40

45%

Total

17

17

 

84

84

 

III   SOCIAL REASONS

The traders
Exploitation of the needy farmers by the traders of agricultural materials is further worsening the fragile financial condition of the farmers.
Farmers are misguided & made to purchase costly seeds, fertilizers insecticides etc. given a false hope of more gain. The goods are given on loan & cost is recovered with high interest. Dirth of ready cash drives the farmer in this trap.
Solutions
Means to be found & control ought to be kept upon malpractices of the traders.
Division of property
With each coming generation no of family members increases decreasing the available land per head. A very small piece of land cannot sustain a family and is also uneconomical for farming.
Solution
Co-operative farming with proportionate sharing of capital, labour & the net gain ought to be adopted at village level.
The labour
As told by the farmers, at many places the labourers prefer to work on employment guarantee scheme works. Hence many a times labourer are not available for farming work. The rates of the labors are also unaffordable for a common farmer as he himself is in unprofitable businesses.
Solutions
The problem is directly related with prices of agricultural produce.
Proper synchronization of timing of farming and E.G.S. works need to be done
Marriages in the family
The traditions & customs of the society make the marriages a very expensive affair. A marriage in the family is always a burden on the already ruined financial condition of the farmers. Either land is sold or money has to be borrowed.
The next marriage adds to the burden. This way he borrows for the cultivation borrows for maintenance of family, also has to borrow for marriages & again borrows for paying previous loans.
There is no escape for him from the debt.
Solution

  1. At least the problem of marriages can be solved by the society itself.
  2. A system of non expensive marriages ought to be adopted.
  3. Govt. Ought to help the farmer regarding appropriate techniques, sympathetic finance, market protection & proper rates so that his income is healthy

IV OTHER REASONS

Health care
Non availability of cheap good healthcare compels the farmer to spend beyond his means by borrowing. Result is indebtedness. It has been told that in the various health centers at village level, many a times the medical staff is absent and always essential medicines also not available.
Solutions
The health deptt. has to be directed to arrange for assured medical care to the rural areas.
Natural calamities
crops are damaged some times by vagaries of the nature such as drought extra rains, floods, hailstorm storms, irregular untimely showers, cloudy weather, pests termite, other disease insects etc. further damaging the fragile financial position of the farmer
Solutions
Efficient crop insurance scheme needs to be implemented.
Man made problems
Supply of fake seeds, not following proper time table for sowing, spraying, weeding, harvesting etc. & not guarding crop form stray cattle animals, birds etc. are some of the causes of crop failure.
Solutions
This case is best answered by proper management of human element involved.
Flood damage – crisis management and rehabilitation
Last year Maharashtra received record heavy rain fall. All the water courses were flooded. This along with the discharge of surplus water from the dams caused very heavy damage to the crops, habitat and cattle & even lives at many places.
At several places crops were washed away. At some places the top soil in fields was eroded due to flood water.
The fields adjoining the water course were heavily damaged due to erosion & decay of plants. Erosion of top soil in the fields is such that the land is rendered incapable of cultivation for years. In such cases the compensation give by the government is inadequate.
Solutions

  1. The flood affected family should be given the double compensation than assessed damage. Seeds for refarming should be supplied free of cost.
  2. Proper coordination between the meteorology deptt. and the water management agency is necessary. This will ensure reduction in losses due to floods.

Loans-Exemption From
Though Bharatiya Kisan Sangh does not agree to exemption from loans, the interest on loans, the electricity bills, etc, but in the context of the present situation, we demand total exemption from loans as an emergency measure.
Solutions
Farmers should be exempted form the crop loans and effort should be made at all levels pertaining to all concerned aspects, discussed before, to see that farmer is not compelled to borrow any more in future.
Proposals For Farmer’s Welfare
1. The Kisan Kosh (Farmers Fund)
A continuous neglect of agriculture for a long time has brought agriculture & the farmer to pitiable conditions.
A Kisan Kosh should be established at national level to provide monetary help to the farmers.
2. Wild animals
Proper compensation should be paid to the farmers for loss of crop due to wild animals.
3. The non irrigated farming
94% of land in vidarbha is non-irrigated. It is necessary to develop new techniques to improve the soil management & quality of the soil so that more productions are possible.
4. Giving subsidies directly to the farmer will promote proper use of technology in farming. Appropriate technology & proper market arrangement will enable the farmer to face the challenges of globalization. Necessary assistance & guidance should be made available at village level.
5. Traditional agriculture techniques, manures, insecticide, seeds should be kept out of the preview of WTO. Patents should never be granted for these. Govt. should arrange for certification of seeds marketed by private companies. Govt. should arrange for supply of quality seeds & multinational seeds campanies should be banned.

  • Certification for produces from organic farming to be arranged
  • Seed bank should be established for traditional seeds
  • Aid of rs. 1.00 lakh should be given to the families of all the farmers who have committed suicide. Efforts to deny the aid should be stopped.
  • Research centre to be established for paddy
  • Godowns should be made available for the agricultural produce ready for sell.
  • Protection needs to be given to crops like orange bananas & other fruit varieties.
  • Import duty on agricultural products should be kept maximum
  • Quantitative restriction to be reimposed on import of foreign goods.
  • Ban on the trade of lakholi dal & Moha-fal should be lifted.

It is necessary that the Govt. and the society are sensitive towards the farmer’s problems. He is a member of our family whose efforts ensures we may get daily meals. We are all bound to suffer if the farmer suffers. Let us strive to bring smile on his face.

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