Innovative appproach in agri. and animal husbandry by Sadanandan

Innovative appproach in agriculture and animal husbandry by keeping local cattle breed by kisan sangh karykarta Sh. Sadanandan

Mr. Mani alias sadanandan (48) is a farmer and he is cultivation paddy in Kottakadu village, Palakkadu district. He owns 55 cents of land. He studied upto 10th std. By seeing the death of his relative due to cancer disease he decided to cultivate crops organically and supply organic products to the customers. He has been marketing organic rice, panchagavya, ark, tooth powder, soap, beaten rice etc. His annual profit is Rs. 5,17,800/- He has been maintaining 18 cattle of Umbalachery breed. 

He procured Umbalachery cattle (2 cows, 1 bull) from Tamil Nadu 6 years back and it has increased to 18 numbers (10 cows, 2 bulls, 6 calves). His innovative practices are given below.

Conservation of traditional paddy varieties:
He has identified traditional paddy varieties which are rare and kept by few farmers and started to grow this variety with organic inputs. He markets such rice of Ponnari, Rathakali, Jothi varieties which are of red type and has good demand in the society.

Supplying organic manure the farmers:
He has selected many farmers entered an agreement for organic cultivation of paddy. Under this the farmer has to pay Rs. 4,000/- per acre and Mr. Mani inturn supplies Panchagavya, Amruthpani , Jeevamuruthan for replacing chemical fertilizer. He also send labourers for working in the field under this agreement (getting labourer at nominal wage is very different in Kerala). He also market the organic products by procuring them from the farmers based on prevailing rate time to time. He so far gathered 12 farmers with an area of 22 acres and he has been practicing this approach for the past 4 years. Still many farmers enroll under this novel approach developed by Mr. Mani.

Package of practices under organic farming
Before planting of paddy he applies cow dung manure (50 kg) mixed with cow urine 5 litre. After 21 days of planting 200-300 liters of Jeevamurutham is applied. It is repeated at fortnight intervals. At the time of flowering of paddy Jeevamurutham, Panchagavya and groundnut cake 2 kg. are mixed together and a total of 200 lit. of mixed solution is allowed to mix with irrigation water.

For control of pest and disease he is using the following ingredients for soaking in 10 litre of cow urine : neem leaves-1kg., green chillies- 50 gm. (gandhari type), ginger-50 gm. All the intredients are crushed and soaked in cow urine for 7 days, filtered and water added 10 times and sprayed to crops.

Preparation of Herbal recipes :
By using cow products of Umbalachery cattle breed he is marketing the following items : Ark, Milk, Butter Milk/Sambaram (Butter milk mixed with ginger, curry leaf, red pepper), Ghee, Panchagavya, Vibuthi, Komayathailam, Tooth powder, Soap.

He also markets products prepared from traditional paddy varieties grown organically: Idiyappa mavu (rice powder with 80% raw rice; 20% parboiled rice), Aval (beaten rice). Rathakali rice is said to increase 'iron' content in our body; Ponnari rice is more sweet. Bran of these varieties is sold to cure backpain and the bran is packed and sold.

Less cost of animal management and Economic of Farm:

He is earning monthly income of Rs. 1,66,900/-. His monthly expenses of maintaining his farm and labour is Rs. 1,23,750/-. With annual net income of Rs. 5,17,800/-. (income and expenses statement enclosed). The 12 enrolled farmers for giving their land for organic cultivation of paddy are also getting income more than what they cultivates individually due to better price for the produce developed. He is also avoiding the cost of maintenance of animals except few cows and 2 bulls. The remaining animals are being given to those 10 farmers who need dung and urine for their land on free of cost but maintenance (mostly grazine in his field) met by the individual farmers. The animals can be returned to the main farm of Mr. Mani when they are unable to keep it up. This way he distributed more than 10 animals to his neighbours. However breeding services is provided free of cost by using his bulls. He also sent his concept of this model to Government for adoption at Panchayat level.

Average Monthly Income

S.No. Item of sale Qty Amount  
1 Vibudhi  (Holy ash) 30 kg. 900    
2 Tooth Powder 15 kg. 9,000  
3 Soap 1500 pieces 60,000  
4 Ark 60 Lit.   16,000
5 Butter milk, Milk, Ghee- 21,000    
6 Rice, Aval 750 kg. 60,000  
    Total   1,66,900

Average Monthly Income

S.No. Item of sale Qty Amount
1 Cost of labour (1 man + 1 women) 2 18,000
2 Purchase of ingredients for soap, tooth powder, etc., - 4.5
3 Cost of fodder for animals. Rs. 200/day 60,000
4 Cost of Production of rice 750 41,250
    Total 1,23,750

However inspite of good approach he is attempting, he is unable to get any financial assistance from bank for investment in scaling up his value added products. (He needs support for enrolling more farmer members under his approach and undertake R & D work in ark production by standardizing distillation equipment-The present system need change of filtering hose due to erosion by distilled ark)

Document Prepared by:
P: Vivekanandan SEVA.